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Cabinet approves Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan

The Union Cabinet on Wednesday, approved Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan (PM JANMAN) with total outlay of Rs.24,104 crore (Central Share:Rs.15,336 crore and State Share: Rs.8,768 crore) to focus on 11 critical interventions through 9 line Ministries. 

Prime Minister Modi had announced the Abhiyan on Janjatiya Gaurav Diwas earlier this month. 

As announced in the Budget Speech 2023-24, “To improve socio-economic conditions of the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), Pradhan Mantri PVTG of Development Mission will be launched. This will saturate PVTG households and habitations with basic facilities such as safe housing, clean drinking water and sanitation, improved access to education, health and nutrition, road and telecom connectivity, and sustainable livelihood opportunities. An amount of Rs.15,000 crore will be made available to implement the Mission in the next three years under the Development Action Plan for the Scheduled Tribes (DAPST).”

As per the 2011 census, India has ST population of 10.45 crore, out of which 75 communities are located in 18 States and in the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands have been categorized as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs). These PVTGs continue to face vulnerability in social, economic and educational fields.

The PM-JANMAN (comprising Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored Schemes) will focus on 11 critical interventions through 9 Ministries including Ministry of Tribal Affairs including provision of pucca houses, mobile medical units with medicine cost, construction of hostels and more. 

Some of the other intervention under the Ministries that will be part of Mission are: 

i) Ministry of Ayush will set up Ayush Wellness Centre as per existing norms and Ayush facilities will be extended to PVTG habitations through Mobile Medical Units.

ii) Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship will facilitate skill and vocational training in PVTG habitations, Multipurpose centres and hostels as per the suitable skills of these communities.

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